Letter written by Rush P. Cady, lieutenant in the 97th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company K,

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Letter written by Rush P. Cady, lieutenant in the 97th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company K (no date, some pages missing)


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into Deleware (Delaware) (Delaware) . The climate was evidently
quite different from that of New-York (New York) (New York) ;
the season about corresponding to ours
a month later, or even more. The people
said it was one of their cold snaps.
The appearance of the Country betokened
slavery. Here & there white houses, (which
by the way, were very plain, built of boards &
whitewashed) dotted the country, & in
their vicinity, negro quarters, which
were were shanties. We saw the negroes
all along, on our way, riding mules, driving
teams, & engaged in other work; as they
saw us they would waving their arms &
make other demonstrations. At Perryville (Perryville, Maryland) ,
about a mile from Havre de Grace (Havre de Grace, Maryland) ,
there were three Reg't's encamped,- two
of them formerly the Ira Harris (Harris, Ira (Senator, New York)) Guards Cavalry (Ira Harris Guards Cavalry)
(of N.Y. (New York) (New York) ) now the 6th (6th Cavalry, New York) & 14th N.Y. Cavalry (14th Cavalry, New York).
We saw & talked with some of
them, as we stopped there some time.
No village at all, was to be seen, at
Perryville (Perryville, Maryland) . We there crossed the Susquehanna (Susquehanna River) ,

PAGE IMAGE by ferry, to Havre de Grace, Maryland (Havre de Grace, Maryland) .
Havre de Grace (Havre de Grace, Maryland) is only a small
village, composed of only ordinary
(indeed not so good as that) wood &
brick houses. A whole Reg. was guard-
ing the R.R. from Havre de Grace (Havre de Grace, Maryland) to Baltimore (Baltimore, Maryland) ,
companies being stationed here & there along
the route. The country had quite a
picturesque appearance, with it streams
& inlets here & there, its woodlands & fields,
& especially the graceful & symmetrical
cedars, which were abundant everywhere,
constituting a characteristic feature.
But, although the country presented so
attractive an appearance in the points I
have named, there were a great many swamps,
a large proportion of woodland, the soil
clayey (clay) & unfertile. Indeed there were
no signs of prosperity,- no thriving villages
or comfortable looking farm-houses; but
on the contrary everything had an
impoverished look. We arrived at
PAGE IMAGEBaltimore (Baltimore, Maryland) about 4 o'c. P.M. Before ar-
riving at Baltimore (Baltimore, Maryland) , the Col. gave orders for the
men to have everything in readiness, & bayonets
fixed, & as soon as the train should stop
to get out of the cars quietly & fall
into column. The contrast between
New-York (New York) (New York) , Philadelphia (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) & other places thro'
which we passed, & Baltimore (Baltimore, Maryland) , was
indeed most striking. There was an
entire absence of enthusiasm. Tis true,
that flags were flying in every direction,
women & children waved hands & hand-
kerchiefs, but a very few men made
any demonstrations whatever. Every-
thing was entirely mechanical. It
appeared as if all their demonstrations of loyalty,
were compulsory, or prompted by
motives of policy. There was no noise,
& little or no talking in the ranks, nothing
to be heard but the music of the band,
the martial tread of the men, & the
sharp, distinct commands of the officers.
PAGE IMAGE [written in margins: Aug –]
And the spectators apparently looked
on in grim & sullen silence;- not
a shout or cheer was anywhere heard.
You can imagine what reflections would
naturally arise in such circumstances
as these.- We left Baltimore (Baltimore, Maryland) a little before dark
Thursday en route for Washington (Washington, District of Columbia) ,- distance
about 36 miles. The cars for the men were
no better, if as good, as those on the Camden (Camden, New Jersey)
& Amboy (Amboy, New Jersey) R.R. (Camden and Amboy Rail Road) about which all complained
so bitterly. The car for officers & ladies was com-
paratively comfortable.- We reached Washington (Washington, District of Columbia)
between 9 & 10 o'c, & soon partook of supper pro-
vided. It took some time to get the men to bed
(about 850) They slept on the floor, with noth-
ing but their blankets for covering, & knapsacks
for pillows, with their Rifles & equipments by
their side. It rained very hard during
the evening & was quite cool.- The Col. Capt. P. (P. (Captain))
Lieut. W. (W. (Lieutenant)) & three officers, myself included, tramped thro'
mud & water, by the Capitol, up Pennsylvania Avenue to
the Clay House, where we succeeded in getting beds, which
were a great luxury, in our fatigued condition. The next
morning was comparatively pleasant. I met quite a no. of friends
in the city. Among them Lieut. Perkins (Perkins (Lieutenant)) , Lieut. Howell (Howell (Lieutenant)) (both
Coll. boys) & also made the acquaintance of Lieut. Ritchie (Ritchie (Lieutenant))
of the Empire Battery (Empire Battery) & we were immediately ordered to
occupy the Barracks of the 5th Cavalry (5th Cavalry) (Regulars) and
Meridian Hill (Meridian Hill, Washington, District of Columbia) . And here we came on Friday, through the
mud, which was perfectly awful. Noth'g like it in N.Y. (New York) (New York) State.
I would like to tell you about our experiences here, but time for
vids. We have been ordered to day (Monday) to occupy the CorcoranCorcoran, Washington, District of Columbia,
about 4 miles from Washington (Washington, District of Columbia) , across the Potomac (Potomac River) .

Affectionately your Son Rush P. Cady (Cady, Rush Palmer (Lieutenant)) .
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