Letter written by George W. Pearl, private in the 117th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company C and F, to his father and mother of Clinton, New York, from Camp near Julian Creek, July 14, 1863

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Letter written by George W. Pearl, private in the 117th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company C and F, from camp near Julian Creek, Virginia, July 14, 1863, to his parents, George A. and Marcia C. Pearl, of Clinton, New York: a machine readable transcription

PAGE IMAGECamp near Julian Creek (Julian Creek, Virginia)
July 14th/63
Dear Father (Pearl, George A.) & Mother (Pearl, George A. (Mrs., Marcia C.)) (Pearl, Marcia C. (Mrs. George A. Pearl))

I recd your ever kind letter
of June 26th when camped
at White House landing (White House, Virginia) .
Perhaps you have wondered
and wondered why I have
not written before. But I
have been on the march
for the last thirteen days
and have had no opportunity
to write. We have marched
175 miles in the time.
From White House (White House, Virginia) we went
to HanoverCourthous (Courthouse) (Hanover Courthouse, Virginia) a
distance of 45 miles and back,
from Whitehouse (White House, Virginia) to Yorktown (Yorktown, Virginia)
45 miles and from Yorktown (Yorktown, Virginia)
to Hampton City (Hampton, Virginia) 28 miles
at Hampton (Hampton, Virginia) we took the


PAGE IMAGE
Transport (Express) and
arrived at Portsmouth (Portsmouth, Virginia)
about nine oclock last
night. We went from White house (White House, Virginia)
to HanoverCourthous (Courthouse) (Hanover Courthouse, Virginia)
via King Wm Court
house and so on around
keeping all the while
about 25 miles from Richmond (Richmond, Virginia)
The first day we marched
thirteen miles and camped
in an out field. The next
day we marched only about
eight miles and camped
in a corn field. The reason
we did not march any
farther was because some
of the boys in our Division
went into a house and
destroyed about [$5000] worth of
property such as pianoes (pianos)
PAGE IMAGE
mirrors center tables &c.
So they halted and had a
drum head Courtmartial
The owner of the house had
heard we were comeing (coming) and
had [sput] out for deeper
water and left the house
in care of a few old darkies.
But the boys being courtmartialed
did not amount to much as
they were only kept under arrest
a day or two and had their
guns and cartridge boxes
carried for them. The next
day we marched all day and
till eleven o clock that night
The fourth we marched to
Hanover Courthouse (Hanover Courthouse, Virginia) . anyone
that had not been there
would think it to be something
of a town. But all there
PAGE IMAGE
is there is a large brick
building in the woods no other house
within a mile from there
That night our Regt were
ordered out on picket and
some of the other Regts
of our division went six
miles farther to Hanover Junction (Hanover, Virginia) .
I presume you
have seen an account in
the papers of the brush
they had there. The next
morning we marched back
to where we camped the night
before and staid (stayed) there till
five P.M. when we started
again we marched most
all night that night
to a town call [Ayletts] (Aylett, Virginia) . We
arrived there about two oclock
in the morning. At five
PAGE IMAGE
O clock we were on the road
again and arrived at King
Wm's Court House at one P.M.
The next morning (which was
the 7th) by day break we were on
the way again and arrived
at White House (White House, Virginia) nine A.M.
The next day we started
for Yorktown (Yorktown, Virginia) via Williamsburg (Williamsburg, Virginia)
arrived there Friday at
Six P.M. Sunday morning
we again started for
Fortress Monroe (Fort Monroe, Hampton, Virginia ) but up at
Hampton City (Hampton, Virginia) about
ten oclock A.M. we
waited there for a Transport
to come & take us to Portsmouth (Portsmouth, Virginia)
and arrived at this camp
about ten oclock.
At the place where we camped
PAGE IMAGE
the day we came back
from the Courthouse a Corpl
in Co. H (Company H). died from the
effects of being sun stricken
His name was Jackson (Jackson)
After we got back to white House (White House, Virginia) ,
those that had sore
feet (as a good many of the
boys feet were badly blistered)
and those that were sick took
the Transport from there &
came to Portsmouth (Portsmouth, Virginia) .
Sergt Hinckley (Hinckley (Sergeant)) was one of
the sick and died on
the boat. 160 have died and
are missed from our division
20 from our Regt. Some were
not well enough to keep up
with the Regt and [staggled]
behind and died or taken
prisioners (prisoners) by the Guileries
PAGE IMAGE
they dont know which
Talk about the rebs starving
out. We passed thousands
of acres of wheat corn & oats
on the way between White H (White House, Virginia) . & Hanover. C. H. (Hanover Courthouse, Virginia)
The wheat and corn crops
looked good but the oats were
light. There were fields of
wheat & corn from 150 to 200
acres in a field. The wheat
was nearly all cut and
in shocks. When we came
back the Cavalry burnt a
good deal of it. We had
plenty of blackberries to
eat while on the march.
We camped one or two nights
where the ground was
fairly black with them.
The bushes do not grow
here as they do north. They
are only about a foot high
PAGE IMAGE
and run over the ground like
Strawberries. When we passed
the farm houses the darkies
would run out and seem half
scart (scared) to death till they found
out who we was and where we
were going then the (they) would be
as much pleased and tell
us we could take Richmond (Richmond, Virginia)
sure. One old gray headed
dark said he thought there
couldnt be any folks left where
we came from, an old woman
said she never seed (had never seen) so many
folks before since she was born
I stood the march first rate
though it was pretty tough the
first day or two it was so
very hot. I sweat so that I
spoilt all those postage stamps
you sent me. I would like to
have you send me a box of things
One of the boys in our Co recd
one the other night. He had some
butter dried apples dried beef
and chewing tobacco I should
like some of the same. Three or four
pound (pounds) of tobacco. I cant get
nothing but plug tobacco here
and it is miserable stuf (stuff). I
would like some green apples
if you have any fit to eat
and you may send any thing
you think of that will come
and not spoil. Direct it to
Portsmouth (Portsmouth, Virginia) care of Col Pease (Pease, William R. (Colonel))
Co. F (Company F). and the best way will
be to send by express as it
will com (come) quicker and
be more likely to get it.
Last Sunday we camped

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