Letter written by Henry Welch, corporal in the 123rd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company K, to his uncle and aunt from Near Maryland Heights, Maryland, July 18 1863

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Letter written by Henry Welch, corporal in the 123rd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company K, from Near Maryland Heights, Maryland, on July 18 1863, to his uncle and aunt, Franklin and Polly Tanner, of South Granville, New York: a machine readable transcription


WASHINGTOND. C. (District of Columbia) (Washington, District of Columbia)
JUL [date unclear]

Mr Franklin Tanner (Tanner, Franklin)
South Granville
Washington Co
NY (New York) (South Granville, New York) (Washington County, New York)

PAGE IMAGENear Maryland Hights (Heights) (Maryland Heights, Maryland) .
July..18th..1863.. Dear Uncle (Tanner, Franklin) and Aunt (Tanner, Franklin (Mrs., Polly C.)) (Tanner, Polly C. (Mrs. Franklin Tanner)) !

I take
my pen again to write a few
lines to you to let you know
how I am getting along this
summer! I am in good health
and getting along on foot the
greater part of the time!
moveing (moving) from fifteen to 20
and 30 miles a day which keeps
us chaps rather busy! we
started from Stafford (Stafford, Virginia) June 13th and have been marching
ever since or else fighting the
rebels! we have marched all
night and all day without stoping (stopping)
to sleep an hour and I
have found it just as hard
as hoeing potatoes and not

PAGE IMAGE half as pleasant! we had
great times marching up through
Verginia (Virginia) (Virginia) for we done some little
confiscating now and then which
helped us along some. it was very
hot weather though and I saw
many soldiers drop down
dead from the effects of the
heat! we stoped (stopped) two day's at
Leasburg (Leesburg, Virginia) and I can tell you
that it is a tough place there
was but one union man
in the place..it is quite a
large Village! the little boy's
just old enough to talk
would call us dambed (damned) Yankee
soldiers and say some of us would
get shot around there before we
left of course they heard their
folks talk such stuff and they
knew not better than to tell
us of it! while we were there
I visited the old battle field
PAGE IMAGE at ball's bluff (Ball's Bluff, Leesburg, Virginia) where the
rebel's drove our men into the
river and killed and drownded (drowned)
so many of them! there was
graves about forty feet long
where the repels piled
our man and buried them
after we left there I saw nothing
of interest until we got into
Pennsylviana (Pennsylvania) (Pennsylvania) then we commenced
having skirmishes with
the rebs along untill (until) we got
near Gettysburg (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania) there we
had a hard fought battle
old soldiers say that it was
the hardest battle of the war
our regiment was lucky and
did not get in any very tight
place's dureing (during) the battle although
we were on the battle
field all the time the battle
lasted there was two
wounded in our company and
PAGE IMAGE one killed. Nelson Thair (Thair, Nelson)
was killed you was acquainted
with him! the bulet (bullet) struck
his forehead and went through
his head killing him instantly
he was killed by our own men
we were in line of battle in
front of a peice (piece) of wood's that
the rebs held it was about
ten o clock at night there
was another line of men
behind us they were lying
on the ground asleep the rebs
comenced (commenced)fireing (firing) at us and
we were ordered to fall back
to the second line so as to
form a stronger line we started
and got nearly to them
when they jumped up suposing (supposing)
we were rebs and fired a voley (volley)
at us and then run they
killed and wounded a number
I do not know exactly how many
I had a good notion to fire at
coward's I would about as soon
shot one as a reb
PAGE IMAGE the 3rd of July was the hardest
day's fight of the battle on
that day the air seemed
almost filled with shot
bulets (bullets) and shell! the shell
would go whizzing over our
head about close enough to
pleasant! horses and men were
were lying all about
some dyeing (dying) and others torn
to peices (pieces) so that one could
hardly see that it
resembled a human form!
it was an awful sight still
we hardly minded it at the
time you may think it strange
but after we get engaged
in battle we dont mind
anything going on near us
we are looking off to sight
of the rebel's!
PAGE IMAGE I suppose you have heard how
the battle ended! we gave them
a fine dressing out theis time
and I am in hopes that we
will whip them again in
a few day's! we expected to cross
the river this morning we
shall most likely cross in
a day or so! the sooner we
cross the better! I have marched
about enough but I can
march more and I am for
folowing (following) them up and not
give them time to get ready
to meet us! Vicksburg (Vicksburg, Mississippi) is ours
and I hear that Port Hudson (Port Hudson, Mississippi)
has surendered (surrendered)! today's paper
reports that Charlston (Charleston) (Charleston, South Carolina) is
taken by our men if this
is all true I am in hopes
to make you a visit by
next winter but I must
close my letter please write
PAGE IMAGE and let me know what
is going on up there let me
know how you get along
with your work please
excuse poor writeing (writing) and
all mistakes!

good bye
for this timefrom Henry (Welch, Henry) PS

I will send you a rebel
letter and a tract that I
took from a dead rebels

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